Changes in domestic and care work: from gender specialization to dragging tasks?

The objective of the research is to deepen the analysis of the trends of change in the distribution of domestic and care work from a gender perspective. Specifically, the following research question is formulated: What factors facilitate the egalitarian distribution of time dedicated to domestic tasks?

We start from the theoretical discussion on the transformations in the uses of time between women and men; from research that evidences gender convergence as a slow and unequal process (Sullivan and Gershuny 2018); as well as from analyses that address specialization, complementarity and substitution in the sharing of tasks (Treas 2006; Lippe & Treas 2017).

Taking these debates as a reference, the existence of a trend of change where the performance of certain tasks drags down the responsibility of others is hypothesized as a line of hypothesis. From this perspective, it is argued that task dragging decreases gender specialization in the performance of tasks and, therefore, favors complementarity between women and men with a more egalitarian pattern.

In order to answer the questions formulated, it is proposed to carry out a factor analysis with the EET data (INE 2009-2010) to capture the chains of task shuffling and define the sociological profiles that carry them out.

Start date: 01/06/2022
End date: 30/05/2023
Funding: Own resources
Official reference: PID2021-122515NB-I00
Principal Investigator: Sara Moreno Colom
Team: Vicent Borràs Català; María Cascales Mira

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